Tthe farmers from khatuali block of the district which is about 80 km from delhi are taking gladiolus crop as main cash crop and have formed group of 14 farmers who undertake all the scientific management of the crop including post harvest handling. the farmers who have adopted gladiolus cultivation as entreprenureship mostly grow three varieties namely white prosperity, eurovision, & pusa chandani having preferred demand in the market.
The Economics of Gladiolus Cultivation is as under.
|S.N.||Varieties||White Prosperity, Eurovision, JB Gold,|
|1||Cost of Cultivation
Seed (Corm) : 1.50 Lacs @ Rs. 2/ bulb
Inputs : 0.12 Lacs
Other : 0.08 Lacs
|RS. 3.20 LACS|
|2||After Production Expenses : Harvesting, Grading, Packing & Marketing||Rs. 0.30 Lacs|
|3||Total Expenses||RS. 3.50 LACS|
Spike : 2.10 Lacs @ 2.00 each
Corm : 3.00 Lacs @ 0.75 each
Cormlet : 16 Qt. @ 1500/Q.
Rs. 4.20 Lacs
Rs. 2.25 Lacs
Rs. 0.24 Lacs
|5||Gross Income (Rs/ha)||Rs. 6.69 Lacs|
|6||Net Income (Rs/ha)||RS. 3.19 LACSS|
The leading Gladiolus growing farmers who have developed themselves as full time entreprenure by marketing Gladiolus spikes are as under
|S.N.||Name & Addrress||Average no. of Spikes Marketed / Year||Net Return (Rs./year)|
|1||Sh. Surendra, Vill: Gangdhari||210000||325000.00|
|2||Sh. Sarvesh Kumar, Vill: Gangdhari||195000||280000.00|
|3||Sh. Surendra Kamboj, Vill : Mukallampura||195000||280000.00|
|4||Sh. Dheeer Singh, Vill : Noonikhra||190000||265000.00|
|5||Sh. Yatendra Tyagi, Vill : Nirmana||185000||250000.00|
Besides income from selling of spikes, the corms also give extra income. The farmers have created additional assets like Jeep for transportation of flowers and other produce and also their standard of living increased which ultimately gave them social status.
After taking vocational training at KVK some of the farmers and rural unemployed youth adopted poultry farming (broiler – Ross/van Cob Strain) as business, which resulted in better return. Presently about 20 rural youth and farmers are engaged in poultry farming and marketing. The average performance of poultry units developed as entrepreneur during last 5 years is as under
|Year||Avg. No. of day old chick||After 42 days avg. body weight of a chick (kg)||Gross return at 42 days (Rs./5000)||Net return at 42 days (Rs./5000)(5 batch)||Net return for 4 batches at 42 days stage|
* Average live weight gain in 42 days – Approx. 1000 gm
Presently full time poultry (broiler) farming as business is being practiced by following rural youth/farmers
|S.N.||Name & Address of Farmers||No. of Day Old Chick||Gross Return at 42 Days (Rs./bird)||Net Return at 42 Days (Rs./bird)||Net Return for 4 Batches at 42 days|
|1|| Shiv Raj Singh
Vill. – Titavi
|2|| Vijendral Kumar
Vill. – Ladwa
Vill. – Dhindawli
|4|| Raj Singh
Vill. - Atali
* Average live weight gain in 42 days – Approx. 1000 gm.
**Sale price Rs75 /Kg.
Sugarcane is the backbone of agriculture in the district. The average Sugarcane yield is 702 q/ha. Since last few years farmers are facing problem for payments from Sugarcane factories. Most of the mediam resource rich farmers are not able to support household from Sugarcane crop alone due to higher cost of cultivation and income after one year of planting. This problem paved a pathway to think about alternate Sugarcane based system Which can give additional income besides improving soil health. The intercropping of French bean with S. cane has become so popular among the farmers that its adoption has increased many folds during last two years because the return from the Frenchbean crop was able to support the household during first four months of Sugarcane crop besides enriching the soil with bio-mass.
Main target of the KVK was to increase net profit of farmer and also give viable intercropping module for timely sowing of spring sugarcane in Feb to March for getting higher yield.
|S.N.||Details||Farmers Practice||Scientific Technology|
|1||Name of technology||Sugarcane as sole crop||French bean intercropping with Sugarcane|
|2|| Time of Planting
|May|| First week of March
First week of Jan.
| Cos 767
| Cos 8436, 96268
Falguni , Pencil No. 66
|4|| Seed Rate
|80-90 qt/ha|| 70-80 qt/ha
| FYM – Negligible
NPK – 345:70:30
Zinc - 15 kg/ha
| FYM – 250 qt/ha
NPK – 160:60:40
Zinc - 30 kg/ha
NPK – 80: 40:40
Zinc - 15 kg/ha
Micronutrients- 25 kg/ha
|6||Sowing Method||Sugarcane planted in furrows at 60 x 60cm spacing||French-bean sown on Ridges made at spacing 75-75cm after that sugarcane transplanted in furrows.|
|7||Irrigation||Heavy irrigation 6-8 times||Light irrigation 10-12 times|
|10||Yield (French bean)qt/ha||145|
|11||Cost of Cultivation (Rs/ha)||53,500||1,40,000|
Suitability in the Existing farming/Cropping System : The agriculture in the district revolves around Sugarcane based system which gives ample scope for introducing any intercrop which do not harm the main crop. The frenchbean is sown during february as intercrop in spring sown sugarcane.
Acceptance of Technology/Process : Intercropping of Frenchbean with Sugarcane is well accepted by the farmers of the district especially in Baghra block as it improved the health of Soil & as well as gave good profi.
Horizontal Spread : Four blocks of Muzaffarnagar district Baghra, Khatauli, Charthawal and Jansath have adopted French-bean intercropping with sugarcane.
|Area Under Cultivation(ha)||3210||3650||7173||7280||7650|
|No. of Villages||172||187||195||198||201|
|No. of Growers||9430||9995||12210||12300||12450|
Muzaffarnagar is an agriculture based & sugarcane dominated district. Majority of its population (70%) are engaged in agricultural activity for their livelihood. The average land holding is below 1.0ha. In case of agriculture and allied activities most of the farmers and landless labours rearing local breed of milch animals & poultry birds. In the recent years, the broiler poultry had demonstrated remarkable growth and emerged as the fastest growing enterprise.
Livestock follows the main enterprise of agriculture. The livestock population is consisting of buffaloes, cows, sheeps, goats & pigs. In livestock farming, rearing of buffalo is predominant more dominating in the area. Marginal & landless labour is also reared buffalo.
In the district Muzaffarnagar, as one of the mandate of kvk, it was visualized that vocational training to rural youths may go a long way in providing self-employment and increase their earning. The scientists in collaboration with the farming community identified that poultry can be a lucrative enterprise.
KVK Muzaffarnagar organized regular training courses on scientific & backyard poultry farming for rural youths. In this way, about 20% trainees started broiler poultry farm after attending training course at kvk & few of the broiler poultry farms were the impact of technology dissemination by farmers to farmers as well as poultry feed sellers & other agencies. Most of the poultry farmers started their unit 1000-1500 birds. However, most of the farmers enhanced the capacity up 15000 birds.
Broiler poultry farming is a handsome income generating enterprenure within a short period of 40 days with small investment at village lavel motivated the rural youth towards its. The poultry farmers collected technical knowledge of broiler poultry farming from kvk. Krishi vigyan Kendra played a vital& key role in motivating the rural youth for adopting broiler poultry farming as source of extra income along with their existing occupation. Some rural youths got inspiration through their neighbouring broiler poultry farmers.
Presently about 50 rural youth and farmers are engaged in poultry farming and marketing. The average performance of poultry units developed as entrepreneur during last 5 years is as under.
|Years||Avg. No. of day old chick||After 40 days avg. body weight of a chick (kg)||Gross return at 40 days (Rs./5000)||Net return at 40 days (Rs./5000)(5 batch)||Net return for 4 batches at 40 days stage|
* Average live weight gain in 40 days – Approx. 2000 gm(2Kg).
Presently full time poultry (broiler) farming as business is being practiced by following few rural youth/farmers neighbouring kvk.
|S. N.||Name & Address of Farmers||No. of Day Old Chick||Gross Return at 40 days (Rs./bird)||Net Return at 40 days (Rs./bird)||Net Return for 4 Batches at 40 days|
|1|| Shiv Raj Singh,
Vill. – Titavi
|2|| Nishchint man,
|3|| Vijendral Kumar,
Vill – Ladwa
|4|| Amit Kumar,
Vill. – Dhindawli
|5|| Sanjay Singh,
Vill. – Ladwa
* Average live weight gain in 40 days – Approx. 2000 gm. (2Kg) **Sale price Rs75 /Kg.
Farmers purchased day-old chicks, vancob strain (venky) & chick starter ration/finisher ration & other necessary equipment from Karnal (Haryana). The chicks rate range from Rs.05.00—35.00/chick as per demand/season &feed rate an average Rs.30.00/Kg. The total cost on rearing/bird is Rs.125.00/=,wherever the sale rate of per bird is Rs75.00/Kg at the time of sell (upto 40 days) each bird attained an average 02.00Kg live body weight. Therefore, net profit per bird is (150-125=25/=). If flock size consist 5000 birds per batch & total five batch in a year than net profit in a year is approximately Rs (25*5000*5=6,25,000/= in normal condition. Mostly, the sale of broiler poultry at Delhi market directly or through agent.
It is clear that broiler poultry farming is quite remunerative. However, the following problems were creating hurdles in proliferation of the enterprise :
The soil health scenario of NICRA Village Rasoolpur Jaatan is as under.
The farm women from resource poor families have been organized in group which facilitates technology transfer , drudgery reduction and income generation. Thirteen WSHGs have been formulated by KVK whose activities and income generation is as under .
Recognition /Awards (If Any)
|Name of SHG||Year of Establis HMENT||Name of Group Leader||No of Members||Main Activities Undertaken||Saving / Month (Rs)||Earning / year||Total Saving(Rs)|
|Saraswati WSHG, Haidernagar||2014
| Smt. Sushma Tomar
| Tailoring, Dairy, Tempo Credit mgt.
|Ekta WSHG , Haidernagar||2013||Smt. Preeti Chaudhary||16||Credit mgt.||3200||72000/-||165140/-|
|Azad WSHG, Haidernagar||2013||Smt. Suresho||15||Credit mgt.||1500||23000/||62000/-|
|Vaishno WSHG, Haidernagar||2013||Smt. Sunita Tomar||16||Tailoring||1600||31000||92000/-|
|Sant Ravidas WSHG, Raghunathpur||2000||Smt. Vidyawati||18||Food preservation, Shop , Dairy||1800||38000/||375000/|
|Mahalaxmi WSHG, Ladwa||2010||Smt. Basant Kaur||12||Papad & Dari Making||1200||20000/||98000/-|
|Khushi WSHG, Titawi||2000||Smt. Ravita||15||Embroidary, Value addition Credit mgt.||6000||88000/||724000/|
|Jagdamba WSHG Naseerpur||2013||Smt. Mamta||14||Credit mgt.||2800||32000/||98000/-|
|Unnati WSHG, Naseerpur||2013||Smt. Sashi Bala||13||Credit mgt.||2600||12000/-||182000/|
|Mahalaxmi WSHG, Lakhan||2011||Smt. Kavita||13||Dairy||1300||16000/-||82000/-|
Sugarcane is one of the most important crop of distt. Muzaffarnagar (U.P.). The average yield of sugarcane in Muzaffarnagar is low as compared to the other sugarcane growing areas in country. Among the different reasons responsible for low yield of sugarcane in Muaffarnagar, insect pests are the most important one. About more than 100 insect pests are associated with sugarcane crop. Among all insect pests, sugarcane early shoot borer is one of the serious problem which affects yield of sugarcane crop maximum. It can cause losses up to 35-40%. Its caterpillar destroys about 20% of the young shoots during April-June annually. The larvae after hatching reach the plant base, bore into the shoot & feed there. In years of severe infestation it reduces the sugarcane yield from 30-70%. The caterpillar feed in the stem and cut off the growing point (Central whorls of the leaves) causing wilt at the later stage.
For control of early shoot borer farmers use unjudicious insecticides i.e. Phorate, Furadon, Fipronil, Chloropyriphos & Cartap hydrochloride which are directly responsible for soil, water & environmental pollution & also develop resistance in insects.
Due to pest outbreaks, pesticide resistance, more stringent pesticide regulation & concern about human health & environmental quality have renewed the interest in Integrated Pest Management programmes that emphasizes the biological control which is very effective pest control strategy. The safety of biological control is outstanding as may natural enemies are restricted to their host & hence no effect on non target species. Biological control is relatively permanent, safe, economical & environment friendly. Among biological control agent for early shoot borer. Trichogramma is widely used for its control. Trichogramma species are the most widely used insect natural enemy in the world, partly because they are easy to mass rear, they attract many important crop insect pests and can be easily combined with other control measures with IPM programmes.
Farmers in village Shahdabbar used various insecticides for control of early shoot borer in sugarcane. Performance of Trichocard for management of early shoot borer was maximum with highest benefit cost ratio ranging from 2.9 to 3.4 compared to the chemical practice and farmers realized the advantage of higher net income.
|Category & Crop||Thematic Area||Variety||No. of Farmers||Area (ha)||Yield (q/ha) : Demo||Yield (q/ha) : Check||% Change in Yield||Other Parameters|
|Sugarcane (Co-0238)||IPM||Use of Trichocards @ 20 cards /ha (04 times) for mgt of early shoot borer.||125||50.0|| High : 810.0
Low : 720.0
Average : 765.0
|605.0||Early shoot borer incidence-4%||Early shoot borer incidence-18%|
|Crop||Thematic Area||Name of the Technology||Economics of Demonstration (Rs./ha)||Economics of check (Rs./ha)|
|Sugarcane (Co-0238)||IPM||Use of Trichocards @20 cards/ha(04 times) for mgt. of Early shoot borer F.P : Use of Furadon @ 25kg/ha during planting & at the time of infestation of early shoot borer.|| Gross Cost Gross : 55000
Return Net : 214200
Return BCR : 159200
(R/C) : 3.4:1
| Gross Cost Gross : 58000
Return Net : 169400
Return BCR : 111400
(R/C) : 2.9:1
|Crop/ Enterprises||Name of Technology||Technical Feedback on Demonstrated technology||Farmer’s Reaction on Technology|
|Sugarcane (Co-0238)||Use of Trichocards @20 cards/ha(04 times) for mgt. of Early shoot borer
F.P : Use of Furadon @ 25kg/ha during planting & at the time of infestation of early shoot borer.
Demonstrations on management of early shoot borer through Trichocard by K.V.K. in village Shahdabbar resulted in yield increase of 26.44% over chemical practice. Net return in demonstrated crop was Rs. 1,59,200/- over chemical practice Rs. 1,11,400/-.
Scale of Demonstration : The K.V.K. conducted 125 demonstrations for 50 ha. In vill. Shahdabbar. Trichogramma @ 1.00 lac eggs or 5 Trichocards at a time & four times Trichocards installed at demonstrated fields.
Biological control is a eco friendly and economical practice. Trichocards are more effective if installed at Economic Threshold Level (ETL) less than 5% and also manage the other borers of crop. It was estimated that due to use of Trichocards application of about 50 Kg/ha hazardous insecticides was avoided which resulted in non use of 2500 Kg hazardous insecticides in whole village. The cost of 2500 Kg insecticides is approximately Rs. 1,75,000/-.The cost of Trichocards for one ha is Rs. 900 which means Rs. 45000 was spent against Rs. 175000. This clearcut indicates that this technology is not only safe but also very economic.
The National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture project was implemented in village- Shahadabbar Block- Budhana district- Muzaffarnagar (U.P) since 2011-12. There was a deficit of green fodder for animal feeding & most of the farmers practiced wheat straw feeding. Wheat straw feeding causes emission of methane/ methanogenesis. Methenogenesis/emission of methane from livestock is major GHG. To minimize the damage from this component KVK, Muzaffarnagar took the initiative & decided to conduct demonstration on green forage. During the kharif 2014-15, KVK conducted 30 demonstrations of sorghum forage (Sorghum vulgare) high yielding variety PC-6 on 10.00 ha. at farmers field .
The impact of demonstration revealed that the productivity of green fodder enhanced/increased 18.64% as compared to local variety & consumption of wheat straw reduced side by side. The improvement was observed in milk production, fertility, better animal health & growth of calves also.
|S.N.||Name||Father Name||Area (ha)||Variety|
|1||Shri. Despal||Shri. Kaliram||0.33||PC-6|
|2||Shri. Tejpal||Shri. Hansraj||0.33||PC-6|
|3||Shri. Kishanpal||Shri. Harful||0.33||PC-6|
|4||Shri. Jasvir||Shri. Teg Singh||0.33||PC-6|
|5||Shri. Ratan Rathi||Shri. Baru Singh||0.33||PC-6|
During the crop season, farmers feed sufficient amount of green fodder to livestock & least amount of wheat straw which result in minimum emission of methane gas.
|Intervention||Technology||No. of Farmers||Area (ha)||Output(q/ha)||% Increase|
|Fodder Production||HYV Of Sorghum||30||10.00|| Demo : 350.00
Local : 295.00
The farmers have adopted improved variety PC-6 on large area(35.00ha) for green fodder so that use of wheat straw is minimized and in turn emission of methane is also checked. The farmers of village are convinced for maximizing green fodder in feed management instead of wheat straw.
The KVK conducted more than 200 CFLD under pulses with latest varieties of Mung & Urd. The scientific cultivation at farmers field resulted in better economic result which motivated the farmers to grow more pulses. The impact of demonstration on economics and expansion in area is as under .
Site specific nutrient management and fertilizer recommendation mission were completed at Muzaffarnagar District. Where Problems of depletion of Soil healthdegradation due to Sugarcane-wheat cropping system and also observed average nutrient application used ratio N:P:K (195.5:57.8:7.5 kg/ha) i. e N:P:K (26:7.7:1). KVK initiative as 89 Soil samples analyzed during 2014-15and total 1046 soil samples collected and analyzed during 2015-16. It was observed pH is slightly above the normal range i.e. 7.6, E.C- 0.13, organic carbon 0.45 %, available Phosphorus 12.7 kg/ha, available potash 116 kg/ha, available Sulphur 2.62, Zinc 0.92 and Boron 0.06 ppm which is on lower side. Soil health cards and awareness campaign through 16 training programmes, 270 demonstrations, and 15 Field days. The main crop of sugarcane were planted in month of February and harvested after one year. Fertilizer applied per acre as 150 kg NPK (12:32:16), MOP 30 kg, zinc sulphate 10 kg (21%) , sulphur granular 20 kg (90%), ferrous sulphate 15 kg (15%), boron 2 kg (15%) per acre near to root zone as basal dose and 125 kg urea applied through three split doses after irrigate the fields. MOP 40 kg, mono zinc5 kg (33%) and 2 kgsulphur (80 WP) applied at 70 days of crop growth. Economic impact showed increase sugarcaneyield were observed 850 to 900 q/ha by SSNM compared to farmers practice as poorly managed crop produced only 700 to 750 q/ ha, which was 20 to 24 percent increased yields through site specific nutrient management.Impact observed after two year that N:P:K ratio improved as 18:7:1 average 50 kg urea saved per acre and average 25 kg of MOP consumption increased per acre.
नाम : कान्ता प्रसाद बिन्द
पिता का नाम : स्व. कन्हई लाल बिन्द
ग्रा. : दाँती
पो. : कोटवाँ पाण्डे
विकास खण्ड : पहाड़ी
जनपद : मीरजापुर
श्री कान्ता प्रसाद बिन्द पाँच भाई एवं तीन बहनों में सबसे छोटे हैं जो कृषि, पशुपालन, सब्जी उत्पादन तथा फूलों की खेती पिछले 20 वर्षों से करते आ रहे हैं। श्री बिन्द ने पाँचवीं तक पढ़ाई की है। कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र के सम्पर्क में आने से पहले श्री बिन्द परम्परागत तरीके से खेती आदि कार्य करते थे। श्री बिन्द के कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र के सम्पर्क में आने पर केन्द्र द्वारा इन्हें कृषि क्षेत्र में नयी-नयी तकनीकों के बारे में अवगत कराया जिसका लाभ श्री बिन्द को अपने खेती में मिला । श्री बिन्द लगातार अपने खेत की मृदा का परीक्षण कराने के पश्चात् अपने खेतों में सन्तुलित उर्वरकों का प्रयोग कर रहे हैं तथा केन्द्र द्वारा श्री बिन्द को कम पानी की फसलों के बारे में भी जानकारी दी गयी जिसका लाभ उठाकर श्री बिन्द ने अपने खेतों में कम पानी तथा अधिक उत्पादन वाली फसलों का प्रयोग किया। वर्तमान में श्री बिन्द के पास दो भैंसें तथा तीन गाय हैं जिनसे इन्हें अ©सत 15 ली दूध प्रतिदिन वर्ष भर मिलता रहता है। सब्जियों में ये मुख्य रूप से ककडी खीरा, लौकी, भिण्डी, कोहड़ा, करैला तथा लोबिया की खेती करते हैं। श्री बिन्द ने केन्द्र परजेनेरेटर एवं ईंजन की मरम्मत का प्रशिक्षण प्राप्त कर इसे भी अपनी आजीविका का साधन बनाया तथा ये खेती के खाली समय के बीच-बीच में ये जेनेरेटर एवं ईंजन के कारीगर का कार्य करके करीब रू. 12000/- वार्षिक आय प्राप्त कर लेते हैं। इनके पास कुल कृषि योग्य भूमि लगभग दो हेक्टेयर है। श्री बिन्द के पास पानी की कमी होने के बावजूद भी अपनी खेती से संतुष्ट हैं। इन्हें कृषि कार्य से अत्यधिक लगाव है तथा इसी से ये अपने पूरे परिवार का भरण-पोषण करके खुशहाल हैं।